Bobsleigh is one of those sports in India which at infant stage. IndiaSkis is trying and promoting this sport & marketing its equipments in India with the hope that India will definitely have good Bobsleigh Team one day.
Although the sled has been around for centuries as a mode of transportation, the sport of bobsleigh didn't begin until the late 19th century when the Swiss attached a steering mechanism to a toboggan.
In 1897, the world's first bobsleigh club was founded in St. Moritz, Switzerland, spurring the growth of the sport in winter resorts throughout Europe. By 1914, bobsled races were taking place on a wide variety of natural ice courses.
The first racing sleds were made of wood but were soon replaced by steel sleds that came to be known as bobsleighs, so named because of the way crews bobbed back and forth to increase their speed at the start.
In 1923, the Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT) was founded and the following year a four-man race took place at the first ever Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix, France. A two-man event was added at the 1932 Olympics in Lake Placid, U.S.A., a format that has remained to the present.
By the 1950s, the sport as we know it today had begun to take shape. As the critical importance of the start was recognized, strong, fast athletes in other sports were drawn to bobsledding. Track and field competitors, rugy players, gymnasts and others who had strength and could deliver a vigorous push at the start were much sought after.
In 1952, a critical rule change limiting the total weight of crew and sled ended the era of the super heavyweight bobsledder and sealed the future of the sport as an athletic contest of the highest caliber.
More athletic crews went hand-in-hand with advances in sleds and tracks. Today, the world's top teams train year-round and compete mostly on artificial ice tracks in sleek high-tech sleds made of fiberglass and steel. Two-man women’s bobsleigh became part of competition program at Salt Lake City in 2002.
Bobsleigh consists of three events in the Olympic programme. Men and women compete in two-man/two-woman. Men also compete in four-man.
There are slight differences between the men's and women's competitions.
Olympic bobsleigh competition lasts over two days, with two runs staged on each day. The competition consists of four runs timed to 0.01 seconds. The final standings are determined by the total time over the four runs; the winner is the sled with the lowest aggregate time. If two teams complete the competition in a tie, they are awarded the same place.
Brakes are applied by lifting a lever that lowers metal teeth into the ice.
2. Push Handels
The side push handles must be retractable. The rear push handles are not retractable. All push handles are used to push the bob at the start.
A hightech plastic composite helmet must be worn to prevent head injuries. Many have visors to protect the eyes, or the athlete may choose to wear goggles.
4. Start Shoes
Made of synthetic material, have spikes on the soles for traction during the start push.
The sled consists of a main hull, a frame, a front and rear axle, and two sets of independent steel runners. The hull, also known as a cowling, is generally constructed of fibreglass and is open to allow team members to board and sit down.
6. Two Man Sled Specifications
Minimum weight (excluding crew): 170kg
Maximum weight (including crew and equipment): 390kg(Women’s sled: 340 kg.)
Maximum length: 2.70 metres
Maximum width: 0.67 metres
7. Four Man Sled Specifications
Minimum weight (excluding crew): 210kg
Maximum weight (including crew and equipment): 630kg
Maximum length: 3.80 metres
Maximum width: 0.67 metres
8. Steering Control
The driver controls the sled with his hands and fingers, using rings that are attached by ropes to a steering mechanism.