IndiaSkis is proud to be associated with Ice Hockey in India. IndiaSkis is closely working with sport associations for the development of Ice Hockey infrastructure & marketing of various Ice Hockey Equipments from leading international companies in India.
The word “hockey” comes from the old French word "hocquet", meaning "stick". The origins of ice hockey are unclear, but it is widely accepted that the British are responsible for bringing hockey to North America. Soldiers stationed in Nova Scotia, Canada, played the earliest games. In 1879, a group of college students at McGill University in Montreal organised competitions and developed the first known set of hockey rules. The sport migrated south to the United States during the 1890s. The first known hockey games took place between Johns Hopkins and Yale Universities in 1895. The first Olympic Games to include ice hockey for men were the Antwerp Games in 1920. However, the first Olympic Winter Games took place in 1924 in Chamonix.
At the Olympic Winter Games, women compete in an eight-team tournament (women's hockey was added to the Olympic Winter Games programme in Nagano in 1998), whereas men compete in a 12-team tournament. A team must not have more than six players on the ice while play is in progress. Typically, these players are one goalkeeper, two defenders, two wings and one centre. Fewer players can be on the ice as a result of penalties: a goalkeeper can be replaced by a skater during a delayed penalty, or at any other time of the game, at the team's risk. A regular game consists of three 20-minute periods, with a 15-minute intermission after the first and second periods. Teams change ends for each period. If a tie occurs in a medal-round game in which a winner must be determined, a five-minute sudden-victory overtime period is played. In the gold medal game, a 20-minute sudden-victory period is played subsequent to another 15-minute intermission. In the case of a tie after any sudden-victory period, a game-winning penalty shoot competition takes place to determine the winner.
Assist: Players are awarded assists for helping set up goals. The last two players to handle the puck prior to the scoring of the goal are usually credited for assisting the goal scorer.
Boards: The hard plastic and glass walls that surround the rink.
Body check: Using the hip or shoulder to impede the progress of a player or knock into a player.
Breakaway: A one-on-one scoring opportunity between the puck carrier and the opposing goalkeeper.
Butterfly pad save: A save the goalkeeper makes by dropping to his/her knees and pointing his/her toes out, creating a "V" shape with the goal pads. This style of goalkeeping is effective because of the ability to cover a larger area of the crease.
Changing on the fly: Substitution of players without a stoppage in play.
Charging: An infraction in which a player deliberately checks another player after taking more than two strides or steps.
Crease: A semicircle in front of the goal known as the goalkeeper’s privileged area. No players are allowed inside the goalkeeper’s crease. Goals are usually disallowed if a member of the opposing team is in the crease.
Face-off: The puck is dropped between two opposing players who face each other. Face-offs occur at the beginning of each period and after any stoppage of play.
Five hole: The space in between the goalkeeper's legs. Many goals are scored in the five hole because of the way the goalkeeper must shuffle to cover the entire net.
Forechecking: Pressuring the opposition when it controls the puck in the neutral zone or its defensive zone.
Hat trick: Three goals scored by one player in a single game.
Interference: A penalty in which a player impedes another player who does not have the puck.
Neutral zone: One of the three areas of the ice surface, the neutral zone is located between the two blue lines.
One-timer: An immediate shot off a teammate's pass. One-timers are very effective in surprising opposing goalkeepers.
Poke check: A check in which a defender or goalkeeper uses the blade of the stick to push the puck off the stick of an opponent.
Power play: A situation in which a team has more players on the ice because of a penalty (or penalties) called against the opposing team.
Pulling the goalie: In an attempt to tie the score, a team trailing by one or two goals may take its goalkeeper off the ice and send out an extra skater. This usually occurs in the closing minutes of a game.
Short-handed: A situation in which a team is forced to play with fewer than six players because one or more have been sent to the penalty box.
Slap shot: The slap shot is the fastest of all hockey shots. Players make a sweeping motion with an accentuated backswing to shoot the puck.
Wrist shot: More of a finesse shot, players shoot when the puck is directly against the blade of the stick with a flick motion of the wrist.
Zamboni: A machine that cleans and resurfaces the ice. The zamboni is used before and after the game, as well as in between periods.