IndiaSkis is proud to be associated with Nordic Skiing in India. IndiaSkis is closely working with Winter Games Federation & other related sport associations for the development & promotion of Nordic Skiing infrastructure & marketing of various Alpine Skiing equipments from ATOMIC, the worlds leading Skiing Equipment company.
Nordic combined has its 5,000 year-old roots in Norway. It involves ski jumping, which requires physical strength and technical control, and cross-country skiing which demands endurance and strength. Nordic combined individual events have been included since the 1st Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix - Mont Blanc in 1924.
All three Nordic combined events consist of a ski jumping competition and a cross-country skiing race. For the Individual Gundersen event, ski jumping takes place on the normal hill (90 metres). For the Team and the sprint events, ski jumping takes place on the large hill (120m). The cross-country portion of the Individual Gundersen event has a 15km race, the sprint event has a 7.5km race, and the team event has a 4x5km relay.
Each competitor in the Individual Gundersen event takes two jumps on the normal hill during the first part of the competition. Each jump is scored for length and style. In the second part of the competition, each competitor participates in the 15km cross-country race. The start order for this race is determined by the ski jumping results. The winner of the ski jumping competition starts in first place and the points from ski jumping are converted into time differences for the starting order of the cross-country race.
The sprint event is contested with a large-hill competition and a 7.5km cross-country race. Unlike in the individual Gundersen event, the ski jumping portion of the sprint event is performed on the large hill and includes one jump instead of two. In the second part of the competition, each competitor will compete in the 7.5km cross-country event. The start order for this race is determined on the basis of the ski jumping results. The winner of the ski jumping competition starts in first place and the points from ski jumping are converted into time differences for the starting order of the cross-country race.
Each team consists of four jumpers who take two jumps off the normal hill on the first part of the competition. The team's score in the jumping portion is the total score of the eight jumps. The same skiers who participate in the jumping must compete in the 4x5km relay. As in the Individual Gundersen and SPRINT events, the Gundersen Method is used to determine the start times in the relay. The winner is the team whose final skier crosses the finish line first.
Classic technique (cross-country): The traditional ski racing technique. Athletes use a diagonal stride in which both skis stay parallel to each other.
Free technique (cross-country): The skating - or free - technique, which was developed in the 1980s, closely resembles the motions of ice skating, where one pushes the inside edge of the ski simultaneously backward and outward at about a 45-degree angle. It usually is faster than classic technique. Since 1985 only the skating technique has been used in Nordic Combined.
Glide wax (cross-country): Wax used to decrease the friction between the skis and the snow. It is applied to the entire ski in freestyle races, but only to the front and rear tips of the skis in classic races.
Individual Gundersen competition (cross-country): For the Individual Gundersen competition, the jumping competition is held first, with the cross-country race being the second event. The winner of the jumping competition starts in first place first so that differences in the points from jumping are converted into time differences for the cross-country starting order.
Inrun (ski jumping): The portion of the jump during which the athlete travels down the takeoff.
K Point (ski jumping): The distance from the takeoff that is equivalent to the height of the hill. For a large hill, the K Point is 120 metres from the takeoff; for a normal hill, it is 90m. The K Point determines the amount of distance points awarded to a jump. A jump to the K Point is worth 60 points; each metre over or under that distance decreases of increases the score by 2.0 points on the K 90 and 1.2 points on the K 120.
Large hill (ski jumping): The larger of the two Olympic ski jump hills, it measures 120m.
Mass start competition (cross-country): The Nordic combined mass start competition begins with a mass start cross-country race followed by a two round ski-jumping competition. The jump competition is held without the scoring of jumping style judges. The first round of the jumping competition is in reverse order of cross-country results, i.e. the winner of cross-country race gets the last start number for ski-jumping.
Normal hill (ski jumping): The smaller of the two Olympic ski jump hills, it measures 90m.
Outrun (ski jumping): The flat area at the bottom of the hill where skiers slow down and stop.
Takeoff (ski jumping): At the end of the inrun, the moment where the jumper takes flight.
Telemark position (ski jumping): Landing with one ski in front of the other, lunging forward.
V-style(ski jumping): A ski jumping style with ski tip spread during flight to achieve optimal aerodynamic efficiency.