Alpine Skiing

Technical Terminology
Atomic Alpine Ski Equipments
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IndiaSkis is proud to be associated with Alpine Skiing in India. IndiaSkis is closely working with Winter Games Federation & other related sport associations for the development & promotion of Alpine Skiing infrastructure & marketing of various Alpine Skiing equipments from ATOMIC, the worlds leading Skiing Equipment company.


People began strapping skis to their feet as far back as 5000 years ago. It is believed that Norwegians were the first - they used skis as a way of hunting across snow-covered terrain. From Norway, skiing spread throughout Scandinavia and Russia as a mode of winter transportation and eventually as a sport similar to cross-country skiing. Alpine skiing evolved from cross-country skiing. The first alpine skiing competition, a primitive downhill, was held in the 1850s in Oslo. A few decades later, the sport spread to the remainder of Europe and to the United States, where miners held skiing competitions to entertain themselves during the winter.

The first slalom was organised in 1922 in Mürren, Switzerland, and two years later such a race became the first Olympic Alpine event. The Arlberg-Kandahar, a combined slalom and downhill event, is now referred to as the first legitimate Alpine event - the race that planted the seed for Alpine's inclusion in the Olympic programme.

Alpine skiing became part of the Olympic programme at the 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Games with a men's and women's combined event.


The Olympic Alpine competition consists of ten events: five for women and five for men. The rules are the same for men and women, but the courses differ. In all cases, time is measured to .01 seconds and ties are permitted.


Downhill: The downhill features the longest course and the highest speeds in Alpine skiing. Each skier makes a single run down a single course and the fastest time determines the winner.

Super-G: Super-G stands for super giant slalom, an event that combines the speed of downhill with the more precise turns of giant slalom. The course is shorter than downhill but longer than a giant slalom course. Each skier makes one run down a single course and the fastest time determines the winner.

Giant slalom: Also known as the GS. It is a similar version to the slalom, with fewer turns and wider, smoother turns. Each skier makes two runs down two different courses on the same slope. Both runs take place on the same day, usually with the first run held in the morning and the second run in the afternoon. The times are added, and the fastest total time determines the winner.

Slalom: The slalom features the shortest course and the quickest turns. As in the giant slalom, each skier makes two runs down two different courses on the same slope. Both runs take place on the same day. The times are added and the fastest total time determines the winner.

Combined: The combined event consists of one downhill followed by two slalom runs. The times are added together and the fastest total time determines the winner. The combined downhill and the combined slalom are contested independently of the regular downhill and slalom events, and the combined courses are shorter than the regular versions. In 2002, for the first time at an Olympic Winter Games, the entire combined event is being held on a single day at the same venue. Also, the combined slalom is held on the lower part of the combined downhill slope, which has not always been the case.

Technical Terminology

Draw 1st group (1-15) - Giant Slalom / Slalom: The first seven ranked competitors will be drawn between start numbers 1-7 and the remaining competitors between 8-15.

Equipment control: An equipment controller checks skis, bindings and ski boots to verify that the race equipments conforms to the rules.

FIS points: FIS points are used as the seeding system and are calculated from each international FIS race. The calculation system is based on a number of factors including the standard of the race based on the FIS points ranking of the participants who start and finish the race, its running time and the different race categories. In the Olympic Gamess, racers from 1-30 will be ranked according the World Cup discipline standings and racers from 30 onwards will be ranked according the FIS points.

Gatekeeper: Gatekeepers control that the gates are passed correctly.

Intermediate time: Time of competitor at an intermediate point of the course: it is of the interest to those following the event but has no effect on the result.

Jury: The jury is tasked with the correct running of the competitions. The Jury is responsible for ensuring that competitions are run safely and in accordance with the rules.

Start: The may start 5 seconds before and 5 seconds after the official start signal.

Starting list for Super G: The best thirty (30) competitors present start in the reverse order of the SG WCSL (World Cup Starting List) points, thereafter the starting order is established according to FIS points.

Starting order for Downhill: If more than one training run is held, the thirty (30) fastest competitors start in the reverse order of their times achieved in the last training run. Thereafter the starting order is established according to FIS points.
If only one training run can be held, the starting list is established the same way as for Super G.

Timing: The timing clock is activated when a skier passes through a pivoting, knee-high wand to begin his or her run.

Video Control: The task of video controller is the same as the gatekeepers. The video controller will control that the gates are passed correctly.

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